With the creation of Jharkhand State, the power generation capacity in State of Bihar has been adversely affected. The major power generating stations under the state sector at Patratu (840 MW units), Tenughat (420 MW units) and Sikidri (130 MW Hydel) are now located in the state of Jharkhand. While 70% of the generation capacity of erstwhile Bihar have been shifted to the jurisdiction of state of Jharkhand, 70% of the load is left with the present Bihar and the meager/ no generation of the left over units, Bihar is left with two old and sick thermal power stations having a total generating capacity of only 540 MW viz Barauni (320 MW) & Muzaffarpur (220 MW).
Muzaffarpur Thermal Power Station( 2x 110 MW ) a joint venture of Bihar State Electricity Board and NTPC. in the light of MOU signed on 26-11-2005 is and now called Kanti Bijli Utpadan Nigam Ltd with 51 % share of NTPC. BSEB is buying power from this Nigam at the rate of 365 paise per unit in spite of the fact that it is a joint venture. Reasons not known. . Board is thus left with only a coal based thermal power station at Barauni with a total installed capacity of 320 MW. Only one unit of 1×110 MW BTPS is in operation with degenerated capacity of less than 75 MW with total annual generation of less than 100 million units.
Bihar has installed hydel power generating capacity of about 44 MW. But the units are operational periodically depending on the availability of water and in fact it has never touched even the half of its installed capacity. It pumps nearly 45 million units in BSEB system.
Bihar State Electricity Board is receiving power from co-generation sources on season/off-season basis. M/s Bharat Sugar Mill, Gopalganj & M/s New Swadeshi Sugar Mill. Narkatiaganj are with off season generating capacity of 21 MW is off loading of 13 million units in Boards system and in this way they are also meeting Renewable Power Obligation which is mandatory requirement as per Electricity Regularity Commission directive of meeting 1.5% of total sale.
This situation of low capacity and inadequate generation has led to large dependence of the State for power purchase from Central Sector to meet the requirements. Board is buying power from Farakka, Talchar units of NTPC. They are also buying power from Power Trading Corporation from Chukka unit, NHPC- Ranjit unit, Tala and Testa from HE power.
Board has executed agreement with NTPC for purchase of power from Barh , Kahalgaon phase-II, & north Karnpura TPS, and has signed MOU with five private and joint venture company like Nabinagar.
All these projects will take time to come up and as a result the State of Bihar will be depending mainly on the Central Sector Power allocation in coming years.
The per capita annual electricity consumption in Bihar is about 75 units as compared to all India average of 600 units and 895 units of Punjab. The situation can be judged from the fact that Bihar, covering thirty eight districts, as per Census-2001, has a total number of 45103 villages and a total rural household of about 1.26 crore. Out of these, only about 6.5 lakhs household are actually electrified( estimated) and the balance 1.2 crore household are yet to be electrified.
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