Issues on Coal Availability-Linkage, Coal Blocks

COAL – Its imortance in Power Sector

Indian  Coal Scenario

Coal reserve up to 1200m 
As on 01.04.2010, Source: CMPDI/ GSI
Proved Reserve – 109.8 Btn
Indicated Reserve – 130.6 Btn
Inferred Reserve – 35.6 Btn
Total Reserve – 276.81 Btn
Total coal bearing area in India is 22400 sq.km
Out of this only  Approx.10200 sq.km. has been systematically explored through regional/Promotional drilling
Out of 10200 sq.km area only 22.5% area explored through detailed drilling.

Growth of coal production is 6.0% whereas demand fo pply gap has widened over the  at an average growth rate of 7% to 8% and demand suyears.

BRIEF ANALYSIS OF COAL FACTS

Significant increase in coal consumption of about 41% ring 1986-96  period 1996-2006 against previous 10 years period duwhich was about 16%.

Steady increase in demand of coal in Asia Pacific region due to  Steady increase in demand of coal in Asia Pacific Re growing economy in India and China.clining.

The demand of coal in other parts of the world is decling

COAL LINKAGE & AVAILABILITY

Development of critical & new Railway lines [Fundin acquisition,etc.  Transportation System (MGR / IR) Matching unloading facilities at station end  FR, financial closure of projects  Procedure of firm coal linkage – affects – process of tching with linked power projects  Integrated monitoring of progress of coal mines – matching with linked power projects  Integrated monitoring of progress of coal mines

COAL BLOCKS

Granting of prospecting license [Upto 1 yr] s] Detailed exploration and availability of GR [2-3 yr Statutory Clearances [3-5 yrs] : 2-stage site inspection – DFO &  jungle-jhari,  Forestry Clearance [NOC on  s Act / Tribals Act MOEF, etc.] – Forest Conservation Act / Forest RightEnvironment clearance  [Public Hearing] Land Acquisition & Rehabilitation [3-5 yrs] : on Old / Non-availability of land records, Certificati State Govt Manpower at Distt / Block level Treatment of Govt Land Plan – Consent of Public – Finalization of Land Rates & Rehabilitation Action  VDAC /RPDAC /GramSabha /PalliSabhabandh t  Local Environment / Law & order situation / frequen ront before allocation Coal Evacuation Corridor – Integrated approach / upf  Clearance – no investment  No infrastructure development without Env. / Forestclearances    decision in Govt companies without these statutory